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海德格尔与笛卡尔——从马里翁的笛卡尔批评谈起
作者:     编辑: zhongnan   时间: 2018-10-29
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(tongxunyuan: chendan)2019nian10yue25riwan,maozhulaoshiyingyaodaoyabotiyujiangxue,zainanxiaoquxinyuanlou2qurenwenxueyuan106baogaotingweishishengmenzuozhuantibaogao。bencibaogaodezhutiwei“haidegeeryudikaer——congmaliwengdedikaerpipingtanqi”,zhexuexiwangjuefujiaoshouzhuchibenchangjiangzuo。

maozhu,zhongguoshehuikexueyuanzhexueyanjiusuoboshihou,xianjiuzhi《shijiezhexue》bianjibu。

jiangzuoyishi,maozhulaoshijiangleyigeyouqudelilun——meiguowenlunpipingjiabulumuzai1973niantichude“yingxiangdejiaolv”。hewei“yingxiangdejiaolv”,bulumuyongfuluoyidedelilunjieshishigedechuantong,renweiqianbeishirenyouyuzaishijianshangxianyuhoubeishirenjinrulishi,congerduihoubeishirendechuangzuoxingchengleyizhongzuaililiang,zheizhongyingxiangshihoubeishirenchanshengwufabaituodejiaolvgan。yaokefuzheizhong“yingxiangdejiaolv”,houbeishirenjiuxuyaoduiqianbeishirendezuopinjinxingxiuzheng。

雅博体育maozhulaoshirenwei“yingxiangdejiaolv”zheizhongzuoyongzaishirenxinlicengmiandechuangzuochongdongzaizhexuejiashenshangyirancunzai,tongguoduizheixiesixiangshidehuisu,duihaidegeerwenjidezhengli,yijizaimaliwengdeyingxiangxiamaozhulaoshikaishiletadehaidegeersixiangyanjiu。bencijiangzuozhuyaocongyixiasangewentizhankailunshu:

一、笛卡尔哲学的沉思困境

雅博体育dikaerzai《diyizhexuechensiji》tongguopubianhuaiyidefangshijiang“wosi”zuoweibukehuaiyiqieweiyijuyouquedingxingdeduixiang。dikaerkending“wo”decunzai,“wosi”decunzai,jiang“wosi”kanzuoyu“shenti”xiangfenliqiebuyilaiyurenhewuzhixingdedongxi,congerzaochengle“xinling”yu“shenti”deeryuanduiliyiji“ziwo”yu“taren”、“ziwo”yu“zhouweishijie”、“ziwo”yu“wanshiwanwu”deeryuanduili。“xinling”yu“shenti”ruhelianjie、“ziwo”yu“wanshiwanwu”ruhegoutongchengweidikaerzhexuedechensikunjing。

二、海德格尔对笛卡尔哲学的批评

雅博体育haidegeerzaiqizhuzuo《cunzaiyushijian》yuyouhaidegeerdejianggaojiluchengshude《xianxiangxuezhijibenwenti》duidikaerdeshenxineryuanlunjinxingpiping。maozhulaoshizaicitichulejigezhiweiguanjiandewenti: zaihaidegeerduidikaerdepipinglinaxieshihelide?naxieshiwudu?naxieshiyouyishiqujiehuowaiqudikaerdebenyi?

三、马里翁对海德格尔批评笛卡尔的进一步论述

yabotiyuhaidegeerpipingdikaerdezheiyiwenti,faguoxianxiangxuejiamaliwengzaiqizhuzuo《haiyuanyujiyu: husaier、haidegeerhexianxiangxuedeyanjiu》tigonglexindeshijiao。zuoweixianxiangxuejiadehusaierquanpanjieshouledikaerdepubianhuaiyi,bingjiangpubianhuaiyidefangshizaiqixianxiangxuelilunzhongchedihua。haidegeerzuoweihusaierdexuesheng,queduidikaerdeshenxineryuanlunjinxinglepiping。maliwengrenweizheishiyizhong“neizaidepiping”,haidegeershitongguopipingdikaerlaipipanhusaier。qixinlidongjiyuanyujiangzuokaishitidaode“yingxiangdejiaolv”。

zaizheigewentishang,maozhulaoshiyetichulezijideyiwen。haidegeerduidikaerjinxingpipanshiweishenmezhiti《diyizhexuechensilu》?tongshi,haidegeerzaiqihouqideyanjiuzhongyejinxingleziwopipan: 1.“《cunzaiyushijian》zhong,cizairengchuzairenleixue、zhutixing、getixingdengdeyinyingzhizhong”。2.《cunzaiyushijian》“shibaideliyou,zaiyusuoxuanzedechangshiyuluxiangsuozaoyude,shenbuyoujidibianchenglelingyizhongzhutixingdishenyuan”。maozhulaoshijiecicijiangzuotixingtongxuemen,zaizuozhexuesixiangshiyanjiushi,yidingyaoshishibaoyoujingtizhixin。xinshangyuzantongyigezhexuejiaguandianditongshi,yeyaonenggoutiaochulai,duiqiguandiandeqianhouchengjiezuokeguandefenxiyutuili。

雅博体育wangjuelaoshirenweimaozhulaoshidejiangzuoxiangtongxuemenzhanshileboshiyishangyanjiugongzuodefuzaxing,bingqiezaiyanjiufangfashangduiyanjiushengmenhenyouqifayiyi。zaizuodetongxuemenyejuedehuoyifeiqian,duimaozhulaoshidejiangzuobaoyireliedezhangsheng。

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